Discussion in 'Cambridge O Levels' started by Hamza Shahid, Apr 11, 2012.
What is the importance of The Government of India Act'1935? please answer this question
it would be better if u change the color
Q Why was the Government of India Act of 1935 so important to the future of the sub-continent?  (N2006/P1/3b)
Examiner Comments: Part (b) required candidates to explain reasons why the Government of India Act of 1935 was so important. Very few candidates tackled this question with confidence and at best only described the terms of the Act (for which only a Level 2 mark could be awarded).
Although this topic has rarely been set in the past, Centres must recognise that all elements of
the syllabus will be examined, not just the more popular ones.
Marking Key: Explains reasons.
Some provincial autonomy was granted which meant that every provincial government was
allowed to devise and carry out their own programmes and be responsible to their own legislature.
This was the first time that this had been allowed and was seen as an important
step forward. Ministers in the provinces could have control over all departments except when
governors chose to intervene in cases of public order or to veto a bill they disliked. This was
a drawback since it meant that the real power lay with the governors. However it did provide
additional rights for the local population to vote – some 5 times the previous numbers at 35
million in total. Provisions for a federal government were also established at the centre for
the first time which meant that princely states could decide to participate politically in affairs
which concerned the sub-continent. However key decisions relating to external relations and
defence were retained by the British which was a drawback.
Read Nigel Kelly book .....it's written
1. First constitiution of India and Pak. Base of their future constitutions
2. provincial autonomy--> 11 provinces total Sindh and NWFP were new.So indians got more powers
3. Voting rights extended so Indians got more say
http://www.xtremepapers.com/community/threads/paskistan-studies-1-notes.11603/ HOPE THIS HELPS
Ans: This act of 1935 was extremely important for a no. of reasons. It governed India as this was the last major legislation that the British passed before Independence was granted. One of the reason was for which it was important was that some provincial autonomy was granted. This was the first time that this had been allowed and was seen as an important step forward. Ministers in the provinces could have control over all departments, except when governors choose to intervene in cases of public order or to veto a bill they disliked. This was a draw back since it meant that the real power was in the hand of the governors.
Another reason was that it granted more voting rights to the people of India i-e 25% of the population of India was now having the right to vote which was 5 times larger than that in 1909. The act also recommended a federal form of govt. for India which enables the princes to participate in the political affairs of India.
The final and the most important reason was that although it suited no-one, the act was an important point in the move towards independence. It proved the basis for the negotiations which finally resulted in the British leaving India. Parliamentary systems had been set up in which the Indians people were to gain increasing representation. Due to this elections of 1937 were organized in which the congress won and made the Muslims to face a hard time due to which the thought of independent nation was much more developed resulted in the independence moving nearer.
Hey, dude, I wrote this answer! (with the help of nigel kelly book). Try to use your own brain man.
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