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Pakistan Studies, Islamiyat and Urdu: Post your doubts here!

Discussion in 'Cambridge O Levels' started by SalmanPakRocks, Feb 23, 2011.

  1. sweetiepie94

    sweetiepie94

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  3. Rohail Najmi

    Rohail Najmi

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    Can anyone tell me how to use "good" language in the letter? We had to write a letter and the teacher cut 9 marks from mine, saying the zabaan was not to special. Any tips?
     
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  4. Ayain93

    Ayain93

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    Can anyone tell me that suorce of which section has came in pakistan studies october/november 2017
     
  5. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    Q: Wardha Taleemi Scheme remained the most important reason for Muslims to hate the years 1937-39. Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer. (14)
    Ans: Congress emerged victorious from the 1937 elections and after setting up its government, proceeded to carry out worst atrocities on the Muslims. It introduced the Wardha Taleemi Scheme, which was authored by Zakir Hussain and supervised by Gandhi. It stated that there would be no religious education and that the medium of education would be Hindi. Also, it stated that cotton spinning would become part of the school curriculum and that students were expected to bow before the picture of Gandhi. In some areas, Tilak was forced on students. This was unacceptable to Muslims as they saw it as a deliberate attempt to obliterate their cultural traditions and to inculcate in the minds of the Muslim children, the superiority of Hindu culture.

    Another reason to hate the years 1937-39 was the Biswa Murder Case (1939) where although all the evidences presented were false, 6 Muslims were sentenced to death, just because a Hindu was injured. The Muslim League had prepared Pirpur Report and Sharif Reports to show the unjust treatments of Muslim by Hindus but was given little importance by the Congress and rejected. Band-e-Mataram had been raised as the national cry. It caused great resentment from the Muslim community as it encouraged Hindus to expel Muslims from Hindustan and because its fourth stanza interfered with the Muslim concept of Tawheed. Besides, the Widya Mandir Scheme was also introduced which made temple education compulsory at elementary level.
    Non official policies of Congress also proved to contribute to the resentment from the Muslim community. Azan was banned so was the construction of mosques; instead, donations were forcefully taken from Muslims for the maintenance and construction of temples. Pigs were released into the mosques of Muslims and drum processions took place outside mosques, preventing Muslims from praying peacefully. Official policies of Congress were another factor; Congress flag was given the status of national flag and Hindi was announced as the national language with Deva Nagari script as the official script. Moreover, cow slaughter was prohibited and Muslims were forbidden to eat beef. Muslims hated it as the Hindus were trying to sway them from the Two Nation Theory and to subvert the love of Islam from their children and convert them to Hinduism. Gandhi was known as a dictator by proxy.

    Congress ministries did their best to economically degrade the Muslim community. Muslims were expelled from Government jobs, which were their main source of income. Muslim trade and agriculture was harmed. Frequently, anti-Muslim riots broke out in which Muslims were killed and their properties burnt. When Muslims lodged complains against this oppression, the Government pressured the judges, who gave the decision in the favour of the Hindus, sending Muslims behind bars.

    The impact of the tyranny had been so far-reaching that Jinnah had said to Mountbatten:
    "Well I am afraid we must have partition. Look at what they did to us in 1938-39. We will be permanently at the mercy of the elected Hindu majority..."

    I agree because the scheme was not only aimed at targeting the religious sentiments of the Muslim minority, but also to destroy the cultural traditions of Muslims and to give the impression of Hindu dominance in the sub-continent. The impact of this was that relations between Congress and Muslim League became irreconcilable. The attempt to remove the feelings of Islam from the 'Mussalman children' was unacceptable to Muslim.


    ^^^^^^ Mark this answer plz
     
  6. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    Q: How successful were the Round Table Conferences? Give reasons for your answer. (14)

    The Round Table Conferences were a series of meetings held in London and were opened by King George V and chaired by the British Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald. 3 British political parties also attended the conferences with 16 delegates. Moreover, Indian parties also attended the conferences with 89 delegates. Prominent Muslim leaders included Jinnah, Maulana Muhammed Ali Johar, Sir Shafi and Maulvi Fazl-ul-Haq. It's success was in the fact that it was mutually agreed upon that a federal form of Government would be introduced in India. Moreover, the British allowed the Indians to take complete control of India at provincial. Also, princely states agreed to join the Indian Federation if their rights were safeguarded. It was due to the absence of Congress that the Gandhi-Irwin Pact was officially signed. Besides, the rights of minorities were promised to be safeguarded. Furthermore, another success was that it was agreed that Sindh would be granted full provincial status and a governor would be appointed there (this was one of the terms agreed and implemented in the 1935 Act). Lastly, a success was that it was agreed that Responsible and Representative Governments were to be formed at Provincial Level. The second RTC had very much the same delegation except that Congress had joined it. Minorities had mutually consulted and agreed upon separate electorates. Another success of the Second Round Table Conference of 1931 was that NWFP was granted full provincial status and that Communal Award was introduced as a result of the Conference. The third Round Table Conference was held in 1932. Besides not causing more issues to erupt, it had nothing of substance achieved greatly due to the fact that both Congress and Jinnah were absent. In fact, Jinnah was not even invited to the conference.

    Although the Round Table Conferences were successful to some extent, they had more failures than what was apparently achieved. In the First Round Table Conference, the absence of Congress meant that little could be achieved since a major party was absent from the Conference as its leaders were arrested due to Civil Disobedience Movement. Thus, nothing of substance could be achieved if a party who had 75% of the support of Indians had not attended it. Another failure of the First Round Table Conference was that nothing was achieved regarding separate electorates for Muslims. In the Second Round Table Conference, Gandhi falsely started to claim that Congress was representing the whole of India and Gandhi refused to acknowledge the problems of minorities and instead wanted an independent, united India. He remained adamant on his decision and also declined the proposal to implement Jinnah's Fourteen Points in the upcoming reforms. The Third Round Table Conference was no more than a formality, the majority of the princes were absent so were the Congress and Jinnah, who had gone into exile to practice law. Nothing of substance could be achieved in this Conference and it ended in dismay.

    To conclude, the Round Table Conferences had the primary aim to discuss the recommendations of the Simon Commission Report and to mutually agree the parties to offer proposals for the upcoming reforms which was not achieved. Thus, since the primary objective was not achieved, it can be rightly stated that the Conferences did not achieve anything of substance, greatly due to the fact that neither Congress was cooperating with Muslim League nor Muslim League was ready to make sacrifices and allow Hindu Dominance in India.


    ^^^ This too, any advice is highlt appreciated.
     
  7. Qasim dogar

    Qasim dogar

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    Are these topics are important:
    Montagu chelmsford reforms
    Rowlatt act
    Non cooperation movement
     
  8. Qasim dogar

    Qasim dogar

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    Reply soon
     
  9. princess of cricket

    princess of cricket

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    Yes
     
  10. Qasim dogar

    Qasim dogar

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    For 4 marks or 7 ?
     
  11. princess of cricket

    princess of cricket

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    7 mark or the question comes like this the Montague Chelmsford reforms were more important then any other political developments between 1909 and 1919 do you agree or disagree give reasons for your answer . 14 mark

    For rowlatt act 4 mark question comes like Describe the rowlatt act .
     
  12. princess of cricket

    princess of cricket

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    How to prepare for islamiyat cuz the syllabus is too lengthy
    Plz give tips for it
     
  13. faizan khalid

    faizan khalid

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    why did sir syed ahmed khan write ' the causes of indian revolts 1875' ? (7)
     
  14. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    1. british blamed the war on muslims and carried out worst atrocities on them (elaborate this)
    2. muslims themselves started to consider british their arch-enemy and hated them. so ssak wanted to improve relations b/w them and explained to the british the actual reasons that sparked WOI. (elaborate this too)
    3. since british were determined to degrade and destroy muslims, non muslims powers started to rise in the sub-continent especially hindus, which worried ssak about the fate of muslims. (elaborate)
     
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  15. faizan khalid

    faizan khalid

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    thank you sooo much. appreciate it.
     
  16. mustafa4000

    mustafa4000

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    Mr.Muzzamil Mehmood Notes on history and importance of the Quran at scope Faisal Town October Session. Hope these help
     

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  17. mustafa4000

    mustafa4000

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    Rest of the notes sorry
    General tips for mastering (a) parts
    Practice via writing or memorizing
    Use a stopwatch to measure your time(16-18)minutes
    Marks your mistakes and practice again
    Never Give up
    P.S these are level 5 answers
     

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    Last edited: Nov 16, 2017
  18. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    what worries me is the length and the time required, we can do SOO much better than this
     
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  19. alshasr

    alshasr

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  20. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    the explanation includes an evaluative part. u have to explain why each is important (just say the blah blah term was important AS). THEN 'conclude' which was the MOST important in your opinion. This would achieve an excellent mark, provided you sufficiently explain it. explanation is not a mere description of the reforms but link to the question like how it was IMPORTANT. the marking scheme is sufficient to guide you, but you would have to expand it tho.
     
  21. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    like " the fourteen points of jinnah were his most important contribution to the Pakistan movement from 1900-1947. do you agree or disagree? give reasons for your answer." you will explain how the fourteen points were important like it safeguarded muslim interests like 1/3 seats, separate electorates as well as other demands like sindh to be separated from bombay presidency. you would have to explain other achievements of jinnah TOO like he was a staunch advocate of hindu-muslim unity. as a liberal, he greatly contributed to the concluding of the lucknow pact of 1916. the effect of this was that hindu-muslim cooperation reached its peak which seriously worried the british, who felt it necessary to introduce new reforms. also, he did not hesitate to pull back from his dream like at the apc of 1928; he was heckled and even rejected and so, claimed it to be the parting of the ways with a dejected heart.

    this is a mere outline, you are expected to elaborate it so as to achieve the top bands. hope i helped
     

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