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O level Pak Studies: Difficult questions and answers.

Discussion in 'Cambridge O Levels' started by TehrikeInsaf, Nov 12, 2017.

  1. TehrikeInsaf

    TehrikeInsaf

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    So i have a few questions. I hope i get answers to it. You can also post any question and others or I would try to answer them.

    So my questions
    1. Who were the sepoys?(4)
    this qs appeared in my mocks,i did not attempt it.

    2. Why was Robert Clive made the first Governor of Bengal?(7)
    this appeared in june 17,pls provide the ans according to mark scheme.
    Thanks
     
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  3. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    sepoys were also known as 'sipahis'. They were generally poor Indian natives compelled to serve the EIC due to poverty but soon found themselves to be exploited by the British. They were paid poor wages and usually had no retirement. Prominent sepoys included Nana Sahib and Mangal Pandey. Sepoys had a major role in the War of Independence of 1857 and in previous battles too, like the Battle of Plassey and Buxar. They were sent by British to Indians as soldiers in return for lands and trade agreements. Sepoys were intended to defend the British, not only against the Mughals and other Indians but also against other European powers who attempted to gain their grip over India like the French.

    All I remember
     
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  4. TehrikeInsaf

    TehrikeInsaf

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    thanks,it's a good answer
     
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  5. TehrikeInsaf

    TehrikeInsaf

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    thanks,it's a good answer
     
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  6. TehrikeInsaf

    TehrikeInsaf

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    I wrote this in a test:
    Sepoys were local men recruited by Eic to defend their trading posts. Most of sepoys disliked British rule. One of them, Mangal Pandey was executed after he defied british officers. They were ill treated by british. They rose up against british in 1857. When 85 sepoys were given long prison sentence of 10 years,their fellow sepoys murdered officers and freed prisoners to march to Delhi.

    So will it gain 4/4?
     
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  7. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    of course
     
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  8. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    1 + 0 + 1 + 1 + 1 + development. 5 marking points
     
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  9. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    Now what I want to see:

    Q: Why was the All Parties Conference of 1928 held? /7
     
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  10. TehrikeInsaf

    TehrikeInsaf

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    Ans. The All Parties Conference was held in 1928 because the British failed to fulfill demands of the Indians. In Montague Chelmsford Reforms,the demands of Indians were denied. The power was still in the hands of the British Government. The introduction of Rowlatt act further took the right away from the Indians and thus they decided to voice their own demands for which unity was necessary.

    In 1927, British sent the Simon Commission in India to work on a future constitution. But The Simon Commission Report did not satisfy the major political parties of India. The Indians wanted their participation in the process of making the future constitution for India. Therefore,they wanted to present their own proposals to the British for which the APC was held.


    Jinnah,who was a member of Muslim League,was of the view that to gain Dominion Status of India,it was necessary for the major parties to join to voice their demands tn British. Thus he joined with Congress and the two parties invited other major parties to participate in drafting a Report that would fulfill demands of All Parties.
     
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  11. sweetiepie94

    sweetiepie94

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  12. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    You may also add the following point:

    The APC was held to challenge the statement of Lord Birkenhead, who freely taunted the Indians,
    "The Indians are so opposed, divided and fed up of each other that they are unable to unanimously put up a new constitution."
    This stirred the vanity of the Indian political leaders who now had gathered at the conference to prove to the British, their competency. Indeed, the statement had infused anger and fury among the natives who wished to debate and debunk the whites, who considered themselves paramount to the Indians. The same personality had wrongfully justified the composition of the Simon Commission, claiming that no Indian could agree with them at constitutional matters.
     
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  13. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    Why was the Simla Agreement signed between Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Indira Gandhi? /7
     
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  14. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    after answering, send me a Q: too
     
  15. TehrikeInsaf

    TehrikeInsaf

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    Ans. Pakistan had faced a humiliating defeat against India in the 1971 war. Due to this the hate for India by Pakistanis further increased. Due to Indian involvement in Pakistan's internal issues,Pakistanis begun to distrust India even more. Relations between the two countries worsened. There was fear of another war. Bhutto wanted to assure Pakistan of peace. He did not want any other agression or war. So he decided to sign a treaty with india in order to establish friendly relations.

    India had openly helped Bengalis in the civil war. They even captured large number of Pakistanis as prisoners of war and even 5191 miles of land of Pakistan war conquered. Bhutto wanted to increase his reputation in Pakistan. It could only be done if he brought PoW and land back . So he decided to talk to India so that he would be respected in Pakistan even more.

    The issue of Kashmir was still a major cause of disturbance between India and Pakistan. Bhutto wanted to tell Pakistanis that even due to civil war,he had not forgotten the right of Kashmir. He wanted to tell the world that Pakistan was still speaking for its claim of Kashmir and would peacefully discuss the issue with India,for which he would go to India. So in 1972 July 3rd,he signed the Simla Accord to establish peace.
     
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  16. TehrikeInsaf

    TehrikeInsaf

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    My qs.
    Why was Robert Clive made the first Governor of Bengal?
     
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  17. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    The over whelming victory of Robert Clive at the Battle of Plassey (1757) had left the British in awe of Clive. His superiority over the Indians was seen in the way he defeated Siraj's massive army of 50,000 with no more than 3,000 troops. The British had seen his war tactics as he was easily able to bribe the commander in chief of siraj's army, mir jafar. Consequently, the British crushed the Indians and took control over Bengal. As Clive had also avenged the supposed "Black Hole Tragedy at Calcutta", Britain itself was keen to reward Clive, and they did so by rewarding his loyalty with the honour of becoming the first governor of bengal.
    However, there were many other underlying causes too: Clive had brought enormous economic benefits to Britain; his victory at Buxar in 1764 paved way for the British to obtain the right to collect taxes from bihar and orissa. Consequently, Britain became prosperous as wealth moved from the Indians to the British. As a result, Clive received tremendous support from the people of Britain and it was soon felt necessary to reward him for his unwavering sincerity to the British monarch.
    Another reason was that he was able to defeat other European powers that wished to get hold of India, a salient example being the French. Clive began his career as a soldier but proved competent enough to lead an army. Thus, he was chosen to wage a war against the French base, which was near the coast of India. The French had supported a local nawab in the Battle of Pondicherry against another nawab, whom British favoured. Clive once again showed his wisdom: instead of aiding the British, he captured nawab's capital and gained much riches. Nawab was force to surrender, and was subsequently hanged. The annexation of another city full of riches made Britain prosperous. Historians argue that it was wealth from such states that aided Britain in its industrial revolution.
     
    Last edited: Dec 5, 2017
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  18. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    pardon, it is so long but you can summarise it :)
     
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  19. Saadarsalan

    Saadarsalan

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    Why did Jinnah produce his Fourteen Points in 1929? /7
     
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  20. TehrikeInsaf

    TehrikeInsaf

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    not long it's good. And i'll give u ans to ur qs tomorrow I'A
     
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  21. TehrikeInsaf

    TehrikeInsaf

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    They were presented in response to the Nehru Report. Jinnah wanted to maximally safeguard the political rights of Indian Muslims whereas The Nehru Report asked for too many sacrifices from Muslims. It rejected the seperate electorates for Muslims as well as one third Muslim seats in the centre. Moreover,his four proposed amendments in the Report had been rejected by the INC. He,therefore,wanted to lay down the basis of any future negotiations with the INC or the British. He demanded adequate Muslim share in all the legislatures,government and state services.

    Since the 14 points were presented shortly after the rejection of Nehru Report,it was evident that the gulf between Hindus and Muslims was geeting unbridgeable. This meant that events would be moving towards a separatist movement as the 14 points contained so many demands for the safety of the Muslims. This way,they would eventually become the basis of demand of Pakistan in 1940 by The ML.
     
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