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English as a second language

Discussion in 'Cambridge IGCSE' started by Madridista, Mar 5, 2012.

  1. Madridista

    Madridista

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    I need any good notes for IGCSE English as a second language.
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  3. aloona994

    aloona994

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    me tooo
    please anyone
  4. Madridista

    Madridista

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    any help ?
  5. Cat

    Cat

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  6. Madridista

    Madridista

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    thank you so much :)
    What I need is notes for writing formal and informal
  7. Cat

    Cat

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    You're welcome :)
    Did you not find any notes on these websites?
  8. Madridista

    Madridista

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    yea thank you so much
  9. Roselyn

    Roselyn

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    THIS IS FOR INFORMAL...

    Jack has received an email from his friend Alice who has moved overseas for her new job. Here's Alice's email:
    Hi Jack,
    Thanks for your email. It sounds like you're having a great time in London.You asked me to tell you about my new job, so here goes!
    Well, for a start, the company I work for now is quite big. There are about 1,560 employees but there's only one guy I really like to hang out with. His name is Peter and he is a pretty cool guy. He's asked me out twice so far and I'm beginning to really fall for him. I'm getting on well with my boss at the moment. I have to ! I'm his executive secretary,you know. He seems to be a really nice man, yet he tends to be rather unreasonable at times! Ah well, I'll survive. Paris is an amazing city which I hope to explore in my free time.
    What's up with you? Write soon and tell me everything. I miss you and hope to see you soon. Can't wait to hear from you.

    Yours,

    Alice
    PLAN - INFORMAL EMAIL
    1. Greeting : Hi / Dear.....(+first name)
    2.Body :
    • thank your friend for his / her email and say why you're writing
    • make sure you answer all of your friends questions
    3. Closing:
    • ask what your friend is doing
    • express hope to see him/her soon
    4. Signing off:
    • Yours
    • Love
    • Lots of love
    • Your friend
    followed by your first name.
    Useful closings:
    • What's up with you?
    • What's happening with you?
    • I miss you.
    • Write soon.
    • Can't wait to hear from you.
    • Hope all's well with you and yours.
    TIP
    Use an informal, chatty language but avoid electronic language (e.g. how r u? what's 4 dinner tonight?). This is definitely not English!
    The following phrases may help you achieve the right tone:
    (a) Greeting
    Hi Bobby / Dear Bobby
    (b) Opening
    I'm sorry I haven't written for such a long time but I've been really busy lately
    Thanks for the email. It was great to hear from you.
    I thought I'd drop a line to ....
    I haven't heard from you for a long time and I thought we could catch up on our news.
    Hey! I've given you up for lost. What's up?
    it was great to hear from you (hear from someone = have news)
    I was very glad to catch up with you (catch up with someone = learn someone's news)
    Sorry for the delay to get back to you but I've been really busy lately. I'm jammed up with work. (=too much work)
    You asked me to tell you about _____ so here goes!

    ( c ) Main Body (useful expressions)
    - you won't believe ....
    - you'll never guess....
    - believe it or not ....
    - by the way ....
    - in fact ...
    - hey! cheer up!
    - don't let it get you down
    - listen. don't worry too much about it
    (d) Closing
    - that's all for now
    - I must love you and leave you! I've got homework to finish. Write back soon.
    - Take care
    - Have a lovely day / week
    -Say hi to Sue
    - Remember me to your mother
    (e) Sign-off
    Love
    Lots of love
    Yours
    PLANNING AN INFORMAL LETTER
    1. Greeting : Hi / Dear + first name
    2. Say why you are writing
    3. Suggestions / advice / questions and perhaps some more details.
    4. Conclusion / closing remark (see phrases above)
    TIP - Always make sure you have answered the examiners' prompts appearing at the bottom of the task!


    Killbill, Bruce and MEGUSTA_xD like this.
  10. Madridista

    Madridista

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    thank you so much Roselyn :)
  11. WhiteAngel

    WhiteAngel

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  12. aloona994

    aloona994

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    i have the oral exam tomorrow
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  13. aloona994

    aloona994

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    anyone know the oral topics ?????!!!!!!
  14. aloona994

    aloona994

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    please anybody reply as i am in danger :cry:
  15. Madridista

    Madridista

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    hope anyone could help you
  16. Cat

    Cat

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    you're welcome :D
    Goodluck!
  17. Cat

    Cat

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    Sorry...how was your exam?
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  18. Roselyn

    Roselyn

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    Formal Letters
    Dear Sir or Madam ààààà Yours faithfully

    Dear Ms Waters ààààà Yours sincerely
    Use a formal tone: this affects your choice of vocabulary and grammar. For example, the first text below would not be appropriate in a formal letter, whereas the second would be:
    Hey
    I saw some stuff in your mag about activities for kids and I just wanna say that the activities in this town suck. I mean what are we supposed to do in the evenings?
    Dear Sir or Madam
    With regard to your recent feature on leisure activities for young people, I would like to make a few suggestions. Firstly, there is a clear shortage of playing fields with the result that many children play football in the road, which is dangerous. Secondly, …
  19. aloona994

    aloona994

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    IT WAS BAD:(
  20. aqeelhussain17

    aqeelhussain17

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    Why was it bad :(
    What happened, maybe your just being paranoid!
  21. Poonam

    Poonam

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    Can you please let me know what topics you got? it will help me prepare for my orals next week.

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